Hamirpur


Famous for the child saint shrine “Shri Baba Balak Nath Deoth Sidh“, district lies in the South-West part of the state and constitute the central micro region of Himachal Pradesh. Tract is hilly, covered by Shivalik Range situated between 76º 18' to 76º 44’ East Longitudes and 31º 25' to 31º 52' North Latitude. The elevation varies from 400 meters to 1100 meters. The history of district Hamirpur is intimately associated with the Katoch dynasty which ruled the region between Ravi and Satluj known as ‘Trigerta‘. Hamirpur derived its name from Raja Hamir Chand who ruled this area from 1700 AD to 1740 AD.Hamirpur is the most literate district of the state and is well connected by roads from all sides. District shares its geographical boundaries with Bilaspur, Mandi, Kangra and Una districts. Majority of the people serve in the defence services, thus also known as “Veer Bhoomi”.

Famous for the child saint shrine “Shri Baba Balak Nath Deoth Sidh“, district lies in the South-West part of the state and constitute the central micro region of Himachal Pradesh. Tract is hilly, covered by Shivalik Range situated between 76º 18' to 76º 44’ East Longitudes and 31º 25' to 31º 52' North Latitude. The elevation varies from 400 meters to 1100 meters. The history of district Hamirpur is intimately associated with the Katoch dynasty which ruled the region between Ravi and Satluj known as ‘Trigerta‘. Hamirpur derived its name from Raja Hamir Chand who ruled this area from 1700 AD to 1740 AD.

Hamirpur is the most literate district of the state and is well connected by roads from all sides. District shares its geographical boundaries with Bilaspur, Mandi, Kangra and Una districts. Majority of the people serve in the defence services, thus also known as “Veer Bhoomi”.

Languages Spoken

People of the Hamirpur district speak dialects of western Pahari. These dialects are akin to other dialects spoken in the adjoining areas of Mandi, Bilaspur and Kangra districts. According to the classification of languages made by the Linguistic Survey of India, Pahari comes under Indo-European family of languages. It has further been classified as a language belonging to Aryan Subfamily, Indo-Aryan Branch, Inner Sub-Branch, Pahari Group and Western Pahari Sub-Group (Census of India 1961, Vol.I.India,Part II-C (ii) Language Tables,p.CLXX). Western Pahari includes a number of district dialects. Besides Western Pahari, bulk of the population of Hamirpur district also speak Hindi. Punjabi is also spoken in some parts of the district.

Living & Food Habits

Generally, people have the pucca houses in the district. This is primarily because stone is available in abundance. Besides this, slates for roofs are also available in nearby quarries in the adjoining districts. People, indeed, have developed a taste for modern houses and the traditional stones are getting replaced by bricks, corrugated sheets and marvel. About 92% population of this district lives in the Rural areas and they are agriculturist. They grow Wheat, Barley, Gram, Masar etc. in the Rabi season and Maize, Paddy, Blackgram, Kulth etc. in the Kharif season. People like Wheat, Rice as well as Maize Roties with Lassi and Sarson Ka Sag. They also like Curry. Many people have shifted towards the Cash Crops instead of conventional farming and number of Poly Houses have been erected with the active support of the Agriculture and Horticulture departments. Some people also eat meat and drink. Fish is easily available in the Rivers, Khads and Nallahs, which flow through the district. Population living in the rural areas keep Goats, Sheeps, Cows, Buffaloes etc. and some people in rural as well as urban areas are also running Poultry Forms which easily meet the demand of the district. To meet out the heavy demand of the fish in the urban areas, Fishery Department also import the fish from the neighboring districts viz; Bilaspur and Una.

River System

The district is covered by a number of perennial streams which are tributaries of either river Beas or river Satluj. Bakar Khad, Kunah Khad and Man Khad drain into river Beas, while Sukar Khad and Mundkhar Khad drain into Seer Khad which ultimately mingles into the river Satluj.

Fauna & Flora

The various species of plants and forest trees generally found in the district are Kikar, Khair, Bil, Sirish, Ambla, Neem, Kachnar, Taur, Kasmal etc. The wild animal species commonly found in the district are namely Leopard, Hare, Wild Boar, Jackal, Kakar, Sambhar and Monkeys. Among the birds, commonly found are namely Chakor, Crow, Jungli Murga, Kala Titar, Safed Titar and Woodpecker etc.

Climate

The district falls in the humid sub-tropical zone. The climate of the district has four broad seasons. The winter generally spread over from December to February. The period from March to June is summer. Hot and rainy season generally extends from July to September. October and November exhibit autumn. The temperature during the winter months is too cold. The district receives the plentiful rains during the monsoon period. During summer the days are extremely hot.

The maximum rainfall is observed in the district during July to August and minimum in the months of April and October. The hottest month is May and coldest month is January in the district. Maximum and minimum day time temperature recorded in the district ranges from 20°C to 40°C.

Main Attractions

1.Hamirpur

2. Nadaun

3. Sujanpur

4. Baba Balak Nath Deoth Sidh

5. Sujanpur Tira Fort

6. Awah Devi Temple 

7. Nadaun Fort 

8. Narbadeshwar Temple 

The district Head Quarter is situated in a small but beautiful town Hamirpur which lies in almost centre of the district. Hamirpur is well connected by Roads with all the major cities / towns of Himachal Pradesh as well as with the neighboring states. Hamirpur is accessibly throughout the year and major mode of transportation is by road. Hamirpur can be easily visited by Road, Train or by Air.

By Road

Some of the important stations/routes from where regular buses service is available to & from Hamirpur:

  • Delhi, Panipat, Kurukshetra, Ambala, Chandigarh, Roopnagar, Una
  • Amritsar, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Hoshiarpur, Una
  • Jammu, Pathankot, Kangra, Jawala Ji, Nadaun
  • Dehradoon, Haridwar, Ambala, Chandigarh, Roopnagar, Una
  • Keylong, Manali, Mandi, Sundernagar
  • Kalpa, Rampur, Shimla, Bilaspur
  • Chamba, Nurpur, Kangra, Jawala Ji, Nadaun

The State Transport (HRTC – Himachal Road Transport Corporation) operates its well maintained fleet of Super Luxury, Luxury, Super Fast and Ordinary buses to all the major destinations. Privately operated bus service is also available within the state. Hired Taxi service is also available at most of the places.

For more details, kindly visit Himachal Road Transport Corporation.

By Train

There is no direct Train service to this town. The nearest railway stations from Hamirpur is Una (Broad Gauge Railway line), Amb (Broad Gauge Railway line) and Jawalamukhi Road (Narrow Gauge Railway line). Una railway station is about 80 KMs far from Hamirpur. Amb railway station is approximately 70 KMs away from Hamirpur town.

To enjoy the beauty of the hilly serpentine track, one can visit Hamirpur via Pathankot Jawalamukhi Road, a narrow gauge link whic is about 58 KMs away from the town. Frequent Bus / Taxi service is available to and from all the Railway Stations.

For more details, kindly visit Indian Railway Catering & Tourism Corporation Limited or Indian Railway.

By Air

There is no Airport in district Hamirpur, thus no direct Air Service / Flight is available to this town. The nearest Airport to Hamirpur is Gaggal (Kangra) near Dharamshala. Gaggal Airport is about 83 KMs far from Hamirpur and frequent Bus / Taxi service is available to and from the Gaggal. Presently Air India and SpiceJet are operating to Gaggal (Dharamshala DHM).

For more details, kindly contact Airport Authority of India, Kangra Airport: +91-1892-232374 or visit Air India or SpiceJet.

In culture of Hamirpur

comes the reflection of religious,god fearing Kumaoni people with simple lifestyle living away from the hustle and bustle of metro cities. This is fundamentally because of the way that they have dependably separated themselves from th`e of shopping mall, multiplex cultures. Due to boost in Hamirpur Tourism since last 10 years the attitude of local people has no-nonsense,friendly towards the tourists.

Rural Birshus of Hamirpur

Those fairs which take place during Chaitra and Baisakh (second half of April and first half of May) are called Birshu.A day before this month begins, the delicacies are cooked in all the households and are sent to the relatives. On the next day, the village temples are decorated. Everyone assembles in front of the temple where the gur (spokesman of God) performs Deo Khel (special dance performed by the gur) and goes into the trance. In the state of trance he makes the yearly predictions and assures the people of his help in the time of need.Then the village God or Goddess is taken round and all the people greet them in front of their houses and seek their blessings. After moving throughout the village, the God or Goddess is brought back to the temple and a fair is held.

Dances in Hamirpur
Folk Dances

Folk Dances-Kuluvi folk dances reflect rich cultural heritage, vibrant life style, love, hard work and the struggle of local people to survive in the adversaries. Hamirpur People are very fond of dances. They are prompt to dance on occasions like, fairs and festivals . The Folk Dances of Hamirpur can be broadly grouped as-

Women Folk Dances

Charasay-Tarasay: This dance is also called Birshu-Nirshu. It is performed in the months of March and April. Only married women can take part in it. Any number of dancers can participate. This dance is performed only on the songs and the musical instruments are not played. It starts in the evening and ends in the morning.

Women folk danceLalharhi: Only unmarried women perform this dance during fairs and marriage ceremonies. The dance is accompanied only by songs. The musical instruments aren't played during the dance. The dancers arrange themselves in two rows facing each other. One of the rows starts singing, dancing and moves towards the other row. Then they come back to their previous positions. The other row of dancers follow the same step.

Kahika Dance: Kahika dance is performed on the occasion of Kahika fair. A man is made unconscious for one or two hours by the divine power. He is called 'Naurh'. The wife of Naurh, called Naurhan performs this dance. She dances around the temple in front of the palanquin of the local deity. Her dance expresses that she has offered her husband to the deity and if he does not return back to consciousness, she will take away all the belongings of the deity.

Men Folk Dances

Bandhu or Ghost Dance: This dance takes place in January from 4: 00 A.M. to 6: 00 A.M. Because of indecent songs and indecent behavior, which are an essential part of the dance, women are forbidden to see it. The dancers get together in the temple premises with torches in their hands. After dancing there for some time they move to a particular place. They dance at that place and move back to the temple. They light a campfire called 'Jagra' before the temple. It is believed that after performing the Bandhu dance the entire evil spirits ward off and the people of the village live in peace and harmony.

Horn Dance: It is a traditional dance of Hamirpur people, which is performed, in the cold and dark nights of January. The story behind it is that the people performed this dance to get rid of an evil king. He was so enchanted by the dance that he did not realize that the dancers had cut his throat. There are six dancers in the horn dance. Two of them disguise themselves as a deer by covering themselves with a shawl and placing horns on the head of the person who is in front. Two other dancers are dressed up as clowns. Out of the rest one is dressed up as a woman. They perform the dance in the temple and then go door to door performing their act.

Deo Khel & Hulki Dance: Deo Khel is a religious dance. The person who is dancing is believed that he goes into trance (that God has entered his body). This person is called Gur. When he starts dancing a procession is taken out which is led by the Gur. The local people dance and follow the palanquin of the deity. Hulki Dance is similar to Deo Khel.

Mixed Folk Dances (Men & Women)

Natti: Natti is the most popular form of mixed dance. On special occasions the dancers dress up in their traditional costumes. Generally there are twelve to sixteen dancers but any number of dancers can take part as the dance progresses. Usually they dance in a circle.

Apparently there are different kinds of natti, which differ in style, rhythm and steps. Some of the popular ones are Dhili Natti, Pheti Natti, Tinki Natti, Bushehri Natti, Dohri Natti, Lahauli Natti, Janhujang, Bajuband, Kharhaya, Uzgazma and Utharhi Natti..

Rural Fairs of Hamirpur

The fairs of the valley portray rich cultural heritage of the valley. These fairs carry enormous religious worth and preserve a rich heritage native's belief in divine powers.

During these fairs, the spirit of Hamirpur is visible on the faces of gay people. These simple rural folks take delight in songs, dances, laughter and celebration. The people are in a happy and festive mood. They visit their relatives to greet them. On the day of fair the guests are heartily welcomed and the hosts feel great honour in serving them with food and drinks. For local people, it is time to relax and enjoy with their friends and relatives.

Phalgun month (mid-February and mid-March) marks the beginning of fairs and festivals in the valley. Fair of Phagli is held between mid-February to mid- March. The fair depicts victory of sages Manu and Shandalya over demon Tundi Raksh. From this day onwards, there are various fairs taking place at almost every village.

Nowadays, these fairs also have economic importance besides religious significance. During these fairs, people buy and sell various articles of basic necessity. Even as the years have passed, people still celebrate these fairs with full enthusiasm and exuberance as it used to be in the good old days.

Winter Season in Hamirpur

Winters approach Hamirpur in November and lasts till February. The climate is pleasantly cool and the temperature ranges from 19°C to 32°C.

Best Season in Hamirpur

The best season to visit Hamirpur is the winter season. The temperature remains comfortable and is apt for sightseeing. The best months to visit are October, November, December and February and March.

Summer Season in Hamirpur

Summers of Hamirpur are hot and humid. The temperature ranges from 22°C to 38°C in the months of April to June.

Monsoon Season in Hamirpur

July marks the beginning of Monsoon season in Hamirpur and lasts till early September. The place looks beautifully fresh having been washed by the rains.

Accommodation in Hamirpur

Hamirpur has a lot of medium to budget accommodation options. Brothers lodge Nadaun (Brother’s lodge Nadaun), Heera Heights (Near Circuit House), Maya Hotel (Near Bus Stand), Parkash Hotel (Bhota Rood), Gautam Hotel (Near Bus Stand) and Hamir Hotel (Near Petrol Pump) are the famous medium to budget accommodation options of the city. The hotels are homely and laced with the modern amenities.

Events / Festivals in Hamirpur

The festivals in Hamirpur are celebrated with great delight and religious sentiments .The festivals here are extremely colourful and their celebrations exude a sense of unity and feeling of brotherhood.

Holi:The “festival of colours” is indeed celebrated in a very colourful manner in Hamirpur and is one of the biggest festivals for the natives. The atmosphere is really charged up during the celebrations.

Diwali:One of the most important festivals of Hindus, Diwali, is also well known by the name of “Festival of Lights” or Deepavali. It is celebrated in the month of October or November. Diwali in Hamirpur is celebrated with pomp and show. Goddess Lakshmi is worshiped on this festival.

Dussherra:It is another festival that is keenly celebrated in Hamirpur. It generally falls in the month of October or November and marks the victory of Lord Rama over the demon Ravana. It signifies the victory of good over evil.

Lohri:Lohri in Hamirpur is celebrated with great gusto just before the day of Makar Sankranti. Lohri is one of the most beautifully celebrated festivals of Punjab and Himachal Pradesh and is enjoyed with singing special Lohri songs and dancing.

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