kinnaur


Kinnaur, also known as Land of god is about 235 Km from Shimla and is known for its serenity and beauty of the lush green and rocky mountainscape having Satluj, Baspa and Spiti river snaking through it. Kinnaur is well known for its delicious apples, Chilgoza, handlooms and handicrafts materials. Slight traces of modernization can be seen in the town, its cultures and people but the area continue to be pristine, simple and magnificently beautiful.

Kinnaur, also known as "Land of god" is about 235 Km from Shimla and is known for its serenity and beauty of the lush green and rocky mountainscape having Satluj, Baspa and Spiti river snaking through it.

A brotherly fusion of Hinduism and Buddhism at one place reflects the existence of a culture of a different sort which is well preserved by its people in this era of modernization. Hindus visit Kinnaur to see the famous Kinner Kailash, believed to be the home of Lord Shiva and the Shivaling rocks, the stories of Pandavas and their link with Kinnaur is a great attraction.

There are also old Buddhist monasteries and temples in the vicinity which hold special importance and are revered by Buddhists. Apart from religion, Kinnaur also has a large scope in adventure sports like trekking and skiing. There are about nine known routes for trekking and some which are five days or six-day trips. Kinnaur is well known for its delicious apples, Chilgoza, handlooms and handicrafts materials. Slight traces of modernization can be seen in the town, its cultures and people but the area continue to be pristine, simple and magnificently beautiful.

Main Attractions

  1. Kinner Kailash Circuit Trek. Send Enquiry. ...
  2.  Nako Lake. ...
  3.  Baspa River. ...
  4.  Sarhan. ...
  5.  Sangla Valley. ...
  6.  Kalpa. ...
  7. Ribba. ...
  8.  Borasu Pass.

How To Reach

Reckong Peo, the District Headquarters of Kinnaur is 235 Kms. from Shimla. National Highways -22 is the most convenient communication network to Kinnaur. For those who can afford it, jeep and taxies are the best way to go to Kinnaur. For a round trip with a fixed schedule, a lumpsum contract for the entire duration would be the less expensive option. For those travelling with the flexible schedule, taking in treks and visits to valleys off the main highway, it is best to make a per day arrangement for a specified time period.

In the alternative, take one way taxis to Kalpa or Reckong Peo and hire other taxis locally as and when needed. Buses ply regularly, except in winter and early spring when road conditions often impose long breaks.

Himachal Pradesh Transport Corporation runs a number of buses to different parts of Kinnaur. There is one direct service from Shimla to Kaza plying on the Satluj valley route, which takes 24 hours. In Kinnaur, at least four bus routes connect Reckong Peo with Shimla every day and other services go to Nichar, Sangla and Pooh

Famous Places Around Kinnaur :

Sangla : ( 2,680 metres ) It is an important village of the Baspa valley situated on the right bank of Baspa river is built on a slope with houses rising one above other with gigantic 'Kinner Kailash' peak ( 6,500 meters ) towering from behind is also famous for 'Kamru Fort'. This fort was the place where so many Rajas of Kinnaur were crowned. The entire place is adorned by soothing saffon fields and alpine meadows.

Rakchham : ( 2,900 metres ) Its name has been derived from 'Rak' a stone and 'Chham' a bridge. The location of the village is striking. It is located on the right bank of the Baspa river.

Kalpa : ( 2,670 metres ) It is one of the main villages of the district connected by link road 14 km. from Powari beyond Rekong Peo. Looming in front of Kalpa is an imressive view of 'Kinner Kailash' directly across the Satluj river. This mountain changes colors several times a day with a change of weather conditions or may be as destined by Lord Shiva his eternal abode. 'Parvati Kund' is located on the top of Kinner Kailash. The ancient villages of Pangi, Moorang and Kanum are situated close to Kalpa.

Recong Peo : ( 2,760 metres ) It is the headquarter of the district Kinnaur.

Kothi : It is also called Koshtampi. It is little below Kalpa proper and it is overshadowed by Kinner Kailash peak. Goddess 'Shuwang Chandika' temple is a famous one in the village. The village with its attractive temple, gracious willows, green fields, fruit trees makes an altogether a beautiful landscape.

Pooh : ( 2,830 metres ) It is also known as 'Spuwa' and it is a tehsil headquarters located on National Highway-22. The place is famous for vineyards, apricot, almond and grapes orchard. It is 58 km. from Powari along the National Highway. It has modern facilities for comfortable stay. The local god is called Dabla, who neither has any dwelling nor possesses an ark. The only manifestation of the deity is a pole with a small idol set on its upper portion and adorned with Yak tail hair and long pieces of colored cloth. The whole being called Fobrang, it is occasion brought to the Santhang.

Nako : ( 3,662 meters ) It is the highest village in the valley and the existence of lake formed out of the masses of ice and snow above adds to beauty of the village. Situated about 2 kms. above the Hangrang valley road and is 103 kms. from Kalpa on the western direction of the huge mountain of Pargial. Local village deity is Deodum and another Lagang temple with several idols exist here. There is a staying hut for visitors.

Ribba : ( 2,745 meters) It is also called 'Rirang'. It is another popular village at a distance of 14 kms. from Morang, the tehsil headquarters and situated between the village of 'Purbani' and 'Rispa' is known for grapes, orchards and the alcohol distilled from grapes (angoori).

Leo : Located on the right bank of the Spiti river. It is the headquarters of sub tehsil Hangrang in Pooh sub-division. There is temple of 'Jamato' worth visiting.

Chitkul : (3,450 meters) This is the last and highest village in the Baspa valley in district Kinnaur. It is situated on the right bank of Baspa river.

Lippa : (2,745 meters) It is in Kinnaur, situated near the left bank of Taiti stream. Three Buddhist monasteries are there, which are dedicated to Galdang, Chhoiker Dunguir and Kangyar. The place is also famous for Ibex found in the nearby forest.

Chango : (3,058 meters) It is in Kinnaur district and is a collection of four hamlets in pargana 'Shuwa' sub-tehsil Hangrang, on the left bank of Spiti river. It is encircled on every side by high hills which is a witness to the presence of a former lake. This village is under the influence of Buddhism, but there are some local Hindu deities too namely 'Gyalba' - 'Dabla' and 'Yalsa'.

Karchham : ( 1,900 metres ) The confluence of Satluj and Baspa rivers marks the location of Karchham on Hindustan-Tibet road.

Nichar : ( 2,150 metres ) This village is situated between Taranda & Wangtu on the left bank of Satluj about 5 kms. above Wangtu. The scenery is enchanting. Ghoral , antelopes, black & red bears are seen sometimes in higher ranges.

Morang : ( 2,591 metres ) This village is situated 39 kms. away from Kalpa on the left bank of river Satluj. The location is very beautiful and approach to this picturesque village is through apricot orchards. The local deity is Urmig and there are three structures dedicated to the deity each existing in Thwaring, Garmang and Shilling. Generally these are empty as the ark of the deity remains in the fort. On a sacred day the ark is taken to the above named places. The ark has got 18 'mukh', made of silver, gold and brass. The 18 mukh represents the 18 days of the great epic Mahabharat.

Kinner Kailash Circuit ( Parikrama ) : One can undertake this holy parikrama from Morang and return to Kalpa / Karcham in 7- 8 days.

Cultural


The present day the Kinnauras do not constitute a homogenous group and display significant territorial and ethnic diversity. For a better understanding of ethnic and cultural distribution, the Kinnaur District may be classified into three territorial units.

Lower Kinnaur comprise area between Chora at the boundary of the Kinnaur District with Rampur Bushahr and Kalpa including Nichar and Sangla valleys. The people of Lower Kinnaur are primarily of the Mediterranean physical type. It is difficult to distinguish them from the people residing in the adjoining Shimla District with whom they have some affinity. The people of lower Kinnaur are mostly Hindus though the ethno-historical factors have resulted in some Buddhist influence.

The middle Kinnaur is the area between Kalpa and Kanam including Moorang tehsil.

The people of middle Kinnaur are of mixed racial strain. Some have marked Mongoloid and others marked Mediterranean features. In some cases there is an admixture of the above two in varying degrees. The inhabitants are Buddhist as well as Hindus. Many people have faith in both the religions. The upper Kinnaur comprises of remaining north-eastern part of the district i.e. the area between Pooh and Hangrang valley extending upto international border with Tibet.

The predominant physical type of upper Kinnaur in the Mongoloid though a few persons with Mediterrean features are also seen in the area around Pooh. Some persons show the blending of Mediterrean and Mongoloid elements in varying degrees. However the people of Hangrang valley are almost universally Mongoloids. They mostly follow Mahayana Buddhist religion.

The Kinnaur society is divided into two broad occupational groups- peasants and the artisans possibly of diverse ethnic origin. These groups are represented by Kanets (Rajputs) and Scheduled Castes.

The Kanets comprise the main cultivating community of the area and use honorific surname Negi. Among the Kanets there are three grades. In the first grade Kanets there are as many as fifty sub-castes, in the second grades there are seventeen sub-castes and in the third grade who work as potter have three sub-castes. Waza Kanets belong to the third grade and are considered inferior among Kanets.

The Scheduled castes include Chamangs and Domangs. Chamangs traditionally make and wove clothes. The Domangs are primarily blacksmiths. There is a third caste called ores. The main profession of Ores is carpentry. In social status the Ores are equal to Domangs. Among the Scheduled castes blacksmiths and carpenters i.e. Domangs and Ores considered themselves superior to Kolis or Chamangs.

Best Season To Visit

You can travel to this beautiful valley of Himachal Pradesh by taking the route from Delhi / Chandigarh to Solan – Shimla and then further towards Narkanda – Rampur and enter Kinnaur Valley. Alternatively, you can travel from Solan – Chail – Kufri – Narkanda route as well to reach Kinnaur Valley. Some people also cover Kinnaur while coming back from Spiti Valley from Manali side.

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