kullu


Kullu was earlier known as ‘Kulanthpitha’, which translates to ‘The End Point of the Inhabitable World’. This is because Kullu was isolated from the world and not easily reached up until the 1950’s, which has largely allowed it to retain its traditional charms and century old customs. It is of great historical significance and has been named in the epic tales of the Ramayana, Mahabharata and Vishnu Purana.It is believed that Kullu derives its name from ‘Kalut’, which was a tribe in the upper valley of River Beas. The letter ‘T’ was eventually dropped from the name with the passage of time. Thus, came about its present name Kullu.

Historical references about the Kullu valley dates back to ancient Hindu literary works of Ramayana, Mahabharata and the Puranas. During Vedic period several small republics known as “Janapada” existed which were later conquered by the Nanda Empire, Mauryan Empire, Gupta Empire, Pala Dynasty and Karko?a Empire. After a brief period of supremacy by King Harshavardhana, the region was once again divided into several local powers headed by chieftains, including some Rajput principalities, these principalities were later conquered by Maratha Empire and Sikh Empire.The Buddhist pilgrim monk Xuanzang visited the Kullu Valley in 634 or 635 CE. He described it as a fertile region completely surrounded by mountains, about 3,000 li in circuit, with a capital 14 or 15 li in circumference. It contained a Stupa built by Mauryan Emperor Ashoka, which is said to mark the place where the Buddha preached to the local people and made conversions, Stupa was taken away by a Mughal ruler and put in feroz shah kotla maidan in Delhi. Kullu got its first motorable access only after Indian Independence. The long centuries of seclusion have, however, allowed the area to retain a considerable measure of its traditional charm. The road through the Kullu Valley and Lahaul is now paved all the way, to connect and provide the major access route between the northern Indian plains to Leh in Ladakh.

Main Attractions

Delhi                530 km
Shimla             240 km
Dharamshala    214 km
Chandigarh       250 km
Chamba            298 km
Dalhousie          302 Km
Manali                 42 km

How to Access

Airways:The nearest airport is Bhunter which is at 10 km away. The airport is also known as Kullu-Manali airport and has more than a kilometre long runway. Air India and some private airlines have regular flights to the airport.

Train: The nearest narrow gauge railhead is at Joginder Nagar which is 95 kilometer from Manali. The nearest broad gauge rail heads are chandigarh which is 250 km away.

Roadways: By road the distance from Delhi to Kullu is 530 km. The distance from to shimla to Kullu 240km. HPTDC Luxury and Volvo coaches ply to Kullu daily.

Near By

1.Rohtang Pass

2.Solang Valley

3.Hadimba Temple

4.Vashist Hot Water Springs

5. Tibetan Monasteries

6.Beas River

7. Great Himalayan National Park

8. Gulaba

9. Kothi

10.Manikaran

11.Kasol

12. Manu Temple

13. Bhrigu Lake

Kullu Culture-traditional dress,food,culture of Kullu

In culture of Kullu comes the reflection of religious,god fearing Kumaoni people with simple lifestyle living away from the hustle and bustle of metro cities. This is fundamentally because of the way that they have dependably separated themselves from th`e of shopping mall, multiplex cultures. Due to boost in Kullu Tourism since last 10 years the attitude of local people has no-nonsense,friendly towards the tourists.

Rural Birshus of Kullu

Those fairs which take place during Chaitra and Baisakh (second half of April and first half of May) are called Birshu.A day before this month begins, the delicacies are cooked in all the households and are sent to the relatives. On the next day, the village temples are decorated. Everyone assembles in front of the temple where the gur (spokesman of God) performs Deo Khel (special dance performed by the gur) and goes into the trance. In the state of trance he makes the yearly predictions and assures the people of his help in the time of need.Then the village God or Goddess is taken round and all the people greet them in front of their houses and seek their blessings. After moving throughout the village, the God or Goddess is brought back to the temple and a fair is held.

Dances in Kullu

Folk Dances

Folk Dances-Kuluvi folk dances reflect rich cultural heritage, vibrant life style, love, hard work and the struggle of local people to survive in the adversaries. Kullu People are very fond of dances. They are prompt to dance on occasions like, fairs and festivals . The Folk Dances of Kullu can be broadly grouped as-

Women Folk Dances

Charasay-Tarasay: This dance is also called Birshu-Nirshu. It is performed in the months of March and April. Only married women can take part in it. Any number of dancers can participate. This dance is performed only on the songs and the musical instruments are not played. It starts in the evening and ends in the morning.

Women folk danceLalharhi: Only unmarried women perform this dance during fairs and marriage ceremonies. The dance is accompanied only by songs. The musical instruments aren't played during the dance. The dancers arrange themselves in two rows facing each other. One of the rows starts singing, dancing and moves towards the other row. Then they come back to their previous positions. The other row of dancers follow the same step.

Kahika Dance: Kahika dance is performed on the occasion of Kahika fair. A man is made unconscious for one or two hours by the divine power. He is called 'Naurh'. The wife of Naurh, called Naurhan performs this dance. She dances around the temple in front of the palanquin of the local deity. Her dance expresses that she has offered her husband to the deity and if he does not return back to consciousness, she will take away all the belongings of the deity.

Men Folk Dances

Bandhu or Ghost Dance: This dance takes place in January from 4: 00 A.M. to 6: 00 A.M. Because of indecent songs and indecent behavior, which are an essential part of the dance, women are forbidden to see it. The dancers get together in the temple premises with torches in their hands. After dancing there for some time they move to a particular place. They dance at that place and move back to the temple. They light a campfire called 'Jagra' before the temple. It is believed that after performing the Bandhu dance the entire evil spirits ward off and the people of the village live in peace and harmony.

Horn Dance: It is a traditional dance of Kullu people, which is performed, in the cold and dark nights of January. The story behind it is that the people performed this dance to get rid of an evil king. He was so enchanted by the dance that he did not realize that the dancers had cut his throat. There are six dancers in the horn dance. Two of them disguise themselves as a deer by covering themselves with a shawl and placing horns on the head of the person who is in front. Two other dancers are dressed up as clowns. Out of the rest one is dressed up as a woman. They perform the dance in the temple and then go door to door performing their act.

Deo Khel & Hulki Dance: Deo Khel is a religious dance. The person who is dancing is believed that he goes into trance (that God has entered his body). This person is called Gur. When he starts dancing a procession is taken out which is led by the Gur. The local people dance and follow the palanquin of the deity. Hulki Dance is similar to Deo Khel.

Mixed Folk Dances (Men & Women)

Natti: Natti is the most popular form of mixed dance. On special occasions the dancers dress up in their traditional costumes. Generally there are twelve to sixteen dancers but any number of dancers can take part as the dance progresses. Usually they dance in a circle.

Apparently there are different kinds of natti, which differ in style, rhythm and steps. Some of the popular ones are Dhili Natti, Pheti Natti, Tinki Natti, Bushehri Natti, Dohri Natti, Lahauli Natti, Janhujang, Bajuband, Kharhaya, Uzgazma and Utharhi Natti..

Rural Fairs of Kullu

The fairs of the valley portray rich cultural heritage of the valley. These fairs carry enormous religious worth and preserve a rich heritage native's belief in divine powers.

During these fairs, the spirit of Kullu is visible on the faces of gay people. These simple rural folks take delight in songs, dances, laughter and celebration. The people are in a happy and festive mood. They visit their relatives to greet them. On the day of fair the guests are heartily welcomed and the hosts feel great honour in serving them with food and drinks. For local people, it is time to relax and enjoy with their friends and relatives.

Phalgun month (mid-February and mid-March) marks the beginning of fairs and festivals in the valley. Fair of Phagli is held between mid-February to mid- March. The fair depicts victory of sages Manu and Shandalya over demon Tundi Raksh. From this day onwards, there are various fairs taking place at almost every village.

Nowadays, these fairs also have economic importance besides religious significance. During these fairs, people buy and sell various articles of basic necessity. Even as the years have passed, people still celebrate these fairs with full enthusiasm and exuberance as it used to be in the good old days.

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Best time to visit Kullu

Kullu Map

Winter Season in Kullu

Winter starts in mid-September and lasts till February. The season is extremely cold and minimum temperature can go down to well below 0°C, followed by heavy snowfall. It is a good time for honeymooners. This season is considered to be the best time to visit Kullu as one can enjoy the nature to the most.

Summer Season in Kullu

Summer in Kullu prevails from March to June. The season is pleasant and said to be the ideal season for sightseeing and a variety of adventure activities. For those coming for sightseeing, it is the best time to visit Kullu.

Monsoon Season in Kullu

Monsoon starts in July and lasts till mid-September. The region experiences some irregular showers and unpredictable landslides that may cause disruption in travel. Therefore, it is not the best time to visit Kullu.

Events / Festivals in Kullu

Dussehra or Kullu Dussehra: It is commonly known is the main festival in Kullu that is conducted with great fanfare and enjoyment.

Conducted in the month of May at the 'Valley of Gods'- Kullu, the Doongri Fair is a popular event which is celebrated with a lot of enthusiasm in the region. It is one of the major festivals in Kullu.

Accommodation in Kullu

Kullu is a well developed city of Himachal Pradesh where flocks of tourists come to enjoy the best of nature. Therefore, a large number of hotels have been developed in the region so as to offer better accommodation facility to the tourists.

Hotels in KulluKullu in the state of Himachal Pradesh serves as the administrative capital of Kullu Valley and the gateway to Manali. Though there is not much to explore in Kullu, unlike its close neighbour Manali, yet its distinct lifestyle, culture, tradition and religious sites unique to Himachal sets it apart from other regions. Its bustling bazaars and residential localities create a homelike environment for tourists. Even the hotels in Kullu boast of Himachali culture and hospitality that lead to an overall distinguished experience.

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